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The story of this great change in the conception of the history of Earth is not a simple one.

The chronicle of this great change can be broken into five periods; ran from AD 1600-1700.

It was not ruled out, per se, but it was not necessary. In the new science, however, rational explanation was desirable. In 1640 Ussher produced his famous calculation that the Earth was created in 4004 BC.

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Ussher accepted the Biblical account at face value, relying on the Biblical genealogies and on extant historical records.

He implicitly assumed that the world was created much as it is now.

Hutton and Lyell, who held that the history of Earth was dominated by slow relatively uniform changes in an Earth with a static over all history.

During the early part of this period there was a considerable amount of activity by runs from AD 1850 to the present.

He would have answered that the Earth was ancient, that there had not been a Noachian flood, and that the species of life had not been fixed over the history of Earth.

In short, Genesis was an allegory and not literal history.

The selections and comments here are not a complete exposition of the works of the authors mentioned; rather they were chosen to illustrate and exemplify changing perspectives over time.

In Europe the issue of the age of the Earth was not a serious one prior to the rise of science; the history of the Earth was assumed to be accounted for in Genesis.

These cosmogonies were part of the new emphasis of science in seeking rational explanations of the features of the world. This period was marked by a great deal of field geology rather than grand cosmogonies.

It became clear that there had been significant changes in the Earth's topography over time and that these changes could neither be accounted for by natural processes operating during the brief nor by the postulated Noachian flood.

Notable observations included: ran from about 1780-1850.

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